Full Container Load (FCL)

(1 Buyer / 1 Exporter / 1 Container)

  • The cargo consists of one cargo meant for one party i.e. consignor (Buyer) only.
  • The cargo is stuffed at shipper’s warehouse entirely at his cost, risk & responsibility.
  • The cargo is de-stuffed at the warehouse of the consignee entire at his cost & consequences.
  • In FCL, packing is generally done by the consignor or freight forwarder or other agents acting on his behalf.
  • Loaded containers are delivered by the consignors at the container yard use by MTO (Multimodal Transport Organization)
  • Some MTO’s provide a service transport between the CFS (Container Freight Station) & the consignor’s premises for collecting the loaded containers.
  • If FCL is booked by one shipper, the cargo in the container need not have fully loaded cargo.

Procedure for FCL Shipment:

  • The containers are packed (stuffed) by the shipper at the shipper’s warehouse or other inland places. Subsequently, the containers are sealed after customs verification.
  • The sealed containers are then taken by the shippers or his CHA to the container yard (CY) of the carrier or any other port terminal as nominated by the carrier for loading on to the ship.
  • From the container yard, the consignee or the freight forwarder arranges for customs verification, transport to his warehouse & unload the containers at his cost.

Flow of FCL Shipment Procedure

  1. Loading of containers at shipper’s warehouse
  2. Customs VerificationContainer took to container yard by consignor’s CHS
  3. Container took to container yard by consignor’s CHS
  4. Loading of containers on the ship
  5. Reaches DestinationUnloading
  6. Unloading
  7. Container took to CY
  8. Customs clearance by Freight Forwarder/consignee
  9. Container transport & unloading to buyer’s warehouse at his cost

Less than Container Load (LCL)

Multiple Exporter & Buyers; Unload by shipping company

  • Here the cargo consists of cargos meant for different parties.
  • The carrier collects cargos from various shippers & stuffs them all in the container.
  • At the destination, the agent of the carrier de-stuffs the cargo and delivers the same to the respective consignees.
  • In case of LCL, containers are usually packed under the supervision of MTO and unpacked under the similar supervision at the Container Freight Station (CFS) in country destination

Procedure for LCL Shipment

  • The cargo from several shippers destined to several consignees is received by the carrier at CFS designated by the carrier.
  • The carrier or CHA or Freight Forwarder arrange for packing of LCL shipments into a container at the carrier’s yard.
  • The carrier then loads the container or board on the ship.
  • At the destination, the container which is discharged from the ship is taken by the freight forwarder to CFS for de-stuffing.
  • The individual consignment is then picked up or delivered to the respective consignees.

Flow of LCL Shipment Procedure

  1. Various cargo received by the carrier at CFS
  2. Customs verification
  3. Packing of LCL shipment
  4. Loading of cargo will be done (either by CHA, FF, and Carrier)
  5. Loading of containers on the ship
  6. Reaches Destination
  7. Unloading at CFS
  8. Container took to CY
  9. Customs clearance by shipping company
  10. Container transport & unloading to buyer’s warehouse at his cost

FCL/LCL (1 Exporter exporting to Multiple buyers)

A shipment of goods, which the shipper/merchant is responsible for packing into the container and the carrier, is responsible for unpacking the container.

LCL/FCL (Multiple exporters, exporting to single buyer)

A shipment of goods, which the carrier is responsible for the stuffing into the container & the merchant, is responsible for unpacking out the container.