Various types of containers

General cargo / Dry storage Containers

  • This kind of containers are by far most in use & don’t require temperature setting
  • A standard container has a door on one side.
  • Sometimes the containers are provided with the side doors, i.e. all the side of the containers can be opened for easy stuffing & de-stuffing.

There are other various containers under this category

  1.                 Flat Container (only base no side walls e.g. for machine)
  2.                 Bulk Container (opening on top e.g. like petrol or water tanker)
  3.                 Garment Container (Hanger built in them to hung the garments)
  4.                 Ventilated Container (For Coffee, Tea)

Thermal Containers:

These containers are specifically designed to carry cargo that requires refrigeration or thermal insulation. It is covered with a specific material that has low heat transfer.

They are classified into three types

  • Heated containers: It is designed to raise & maintain the temperature of the content to an accurate & consistent level.
  • Refrigerated containers: It is meant for food items to require cold storage facility. E.g. Meat, Fish etc. In this type of container, external temperature is adjusted or control or maintained as per the requirement.
  • Insulated containers: It is used for fruits, vegetable etc. Here, a constant temperature is maintained & it is not affected by the external temperature

Tank / Liquid / Gas / Special Containers:

  • This is usually made of stainless steel tank & have manholes for loading & unloading of cargo.
  • It is use for liquid cargo like edible oils, liquors, chemicals, gas, liquid oxygen etc.
  • It is heavy in weight than the refer container & is more expensive to contract.
  • Contents are loaded through a manhole on the top & discharged through an outlet valve on the side.

For identification, containers have marking showing.

  • Owner code, serial number & check digit
  • Capacity code & Type code
  • Maximum gross weight & Tare weight

Advantages of containerization

For Ship Owner:

  • Increased efficiency
  • Improved working ration for ships

For Shipper / Consignees (Buyer) / Consignor (Exporter)

  • Reduction in packing cost
  • Reduction in damage, pilferage & theft
  • Reduction in marine insurance premium
  • Greater protection for fragile & easily contaminable cargo
  • Reduction in Inland transport cost
  • Faster & reliable delivery
  • Retention of the original quality