Various types of containers
General cargo / Dry storage Containers
- This kind of containers are by far most in use & don’t require temperature setting
- A standard container has a door on one side.
- Sometimes the containers are provided with the side doors, i.e. all the side of the containers can be opened for easy stuffing & de-stuffing.
There are other various containers under this category
- Flat Container (only base no side walls e.g. for machine)
- Bulk Container (opening on top e.g. like petrol or water tanker)
- Garment Container (Hanger built in them to hung the garments)
- Ventilated Container (For Coffee, Tea)
These containers are specifically designed to carry cargo that requires refrigeration or thermal insulation. It is covered with a specific material that has low heat transfer.
They are classified into three types
- Heated containers: It is designed to raise & maintain the temperature of the content to an accurate & consistent level.
- Refrigerated containers: It is meant for food items to require cold storage facility. E.g. Meat, Fish etc. In this type of container, external temperature is adjusted or control or maintained as per the requirement.
- Insulated containers: It is used for fruits, vegetable etc. Here, a constant temperature is maintained & it is not affected by the external temperature
Tank / Liquid / Gas / Special Containers:
- This is usually made of stainless steel tank & have manholes for loading & unloading of cargo.
- It is use for liquid cargo like edible oils, liquors, chemicals, gas, liquid oxygen etc.
- It is heavy in weight than the refer container & is more expensive to contract.
- Contents are loaded through a manhole on the top & discharged through an outlet valve on the side.
For identification, containers have marking showing.
- Owner code, serial number & check digit
- Capacity code & Type code
- Maximum gross weight & Tare weight
Advantages of containerization
For Ship Owner:
- Increased efficiency
- Improved working ration for ships
For Shipper / Consignees (Buyer) / Consignor (Exporter)
- Reduction in packing cost
- Reduction in damage, pilferage & theft
- Reduction in marine insurance premium
- Greater protection for fragile & easily contaminable cargo
- Reduction in Inland transport cost
- Faster & reliable delivery
- Retention of the original quality